Crickets are known for their chirping and these fascinating invertebrates are a part of the Grylloidea insect superfamily. All crickets are distant relations of grasshoppers. Over 900 cricket species exist and males are more likely to chirp than females. True crickets make their distinctive sounds with their wings. They don’t rub their legs together as many people think they do. These insects make more noise when temperatures are high.
This guide is packed with interesting facts about crickets, including information about a few common species of crickets, plus helpful tips about what to do if they’re present in your home.
Also called potato bugs, 20 named species of Jerusalem crickets are out there, along with up to 30 unnamed species. These creatures grow to lengths of 50 mm and they are yellow to brown. They have dark eyes and big heads.
One fun fact is that Jerusalem crickets aren’t technically bugs or crickets. Nonetheless, these creatures (who come from the subfamily Stenopelmatinae) are very much like crickets. What sets Jerusalem crickets apart from true crickets is the fact that they don’t utilize their wings to make their unique mating calls. Instead, they make drumming sounds by striking the ground with their abdomens.
House crickets are known for getting into homes and sticking around. This Acheta domesticus species are gray to brown with three sets of legs. Mature house crickets have a trio of dark crossbands on their heads. Most house crickets grow to lengths between 16 and 21 mm. While male and female house crickets look a lot alike, there is one difference. The females have tube-shaped organs known as ovipositors which protrude from their rears. These organs are used to deposit eggs.
These creatures like warm and moist places and they usually chirp noisily in the evening when they are most active. They consume a variety of things, including wool, plants, and vegetables.
The cricket species Roeseliana roeselii is better known as Roesel’s bush-cricket. This cricket has orange legs, a couple of cream-colored spots on each side, and a green face. Most people spot Roesel’s bush-crickets thanks to the noises they make. This cricket’s song has a mechanical sound.
Prevalent in the United Kingdom’s southern regions, Roesel’s bush-crickets are easy to spot (or hear) in meadows and grasslands.
Tips for Homeowners
If you spot these critters in your own home, you should get help quickly, because they may carry worms or E. coli and Salmonella bacteria. Crickets tend to proliferate in basements, kitchens, nooks, and crannies. While some forms of crickets are not dangerous, they may destroy silk, wool, or other home items, such as food. They may also make homeowners feel uncomfortable. Luckily, they don’t usually bite.
Homeowners who are dealing with cricket infestations need help and pest control companies offer practical solutions, including traps and sprays. When you get assistance from a pest control company, technicians will be able to eliminate these insects from your private residence.